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Select References in Limnology

Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax (SWCSMH)

Updated: August 25, 2021                                     Limnology


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  1. Agbeti, M.D. 1992. Relationship between diatom assemblages and trophic variables: a comparison of old and new approaches. Can J Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49, 1171-1175.

  2. Allan, J.D. 1995. Stream Ecology- Structure and function of running waters. 1st ed. Chapman & Hall. xii, 388pp.

  3. Anderson. N.J. 1993. Natural versus anthropogenic change in lakes. The role of the sediment record. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 8, 356-361.

  4. Anderson, N.J. 1995. Using the past to predict the future: lake sediments and the modelling of limnological disturbance. Ecological Modelling 78, 149-172.

  5. Anderson, N.J. & Odgaard B.V. 1994. Recent palaeolimnology of three shallow Danish lakes. Hydrobiologia 275/6, 411-422.

  6. Anderson, N.J. & Rippey, B. 1994. Monitoring lake recovery from point-source eutrophication: the use of diatom-inferred epilimnetic total phosphorus and sediment chemistry. Freshwater Biology 32, 625-639.

  7. Armitage, P.D., Moss, D., Wright, J.F., and Furse, M.T. 1983. The Performance of a new Biological Water Quality Score System Based on Macroinvertebrates Over a Wide Range of Unpolluted Running-Water Sites. Water Res. 17:333-47.

  8. Ashley, K.I. 1988. Hypolimnetic aeration research in British Columbia. In Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23: 215-219.

  9. Ashley, K.I., D.S. Mavinic, and K.J. Hall. 1990. Effects of orifice size and surface conditions on oxygen transfer in a bench scale diffused aeration system. In Environmental Technology. 11: 609-618.

  10. Ashley, K.I., D.S. Mavinic, and K.J. Hall. 1990. Oxygen transfer in full lift hypolimnetic aeration systems. Air-Water Mass Transfer, Second International Symposium, U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station/ASCE, Sept. 11-14, 1990. 648-659.

  11. Ashley, K.I., K.J. Hall, and D.S. Mavinic. 1991. Factors influencing oxygen transfer in fine pore diffused aeration. In Wat. Res. 25(12):1479-1486.

  12. Babin, J., E.E. Prepas, T.P. Murphy, and H.R. Hamilton. 1989. A test of the effects of lime on algal biomass and total phosphorus on concentrations in Edmonton stormwater retention lakes. In Lake and Reserv. Manage. 5(1): 129-135.

  13. Barbour, M.T., Plafkin, J.L., Bradley, B.P., Graves, C.G., and Wisseman, R.W. 1992. Evaluation of EPA's Rapid Bioassessment Benthic Metrics: Metric redundancy and variability among reference stream sites. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pergamon Press Ltd. 11:437-449.

  14. Barbour, M.T., Gerritsen, J., Snyder, B.D., Stribling, J.B. 1999. Rapid Bioassessment Protocols For Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates, and Fish. Second Edition. EPA 841-B-99-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Office of Water; Washington, D.C. xiv, 11 chapters, 4 appendices.

  15. Beke, G.J., and Webb, K.T. 1978. A survey of the soil-erodibility (K) factor for representative soils from the Shubenacadie River-Stewiacke Corridor area. Tech. Rpt. #3. The Shubenacadie-Stewiacke River Basin Board. 25p.

  16. Benndorf, J., H. Kneschke, K. Kossatz, and E. Penz. 1984. Manipulation of the pelagic food web by stocking with predacious fishes. In Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol. 69: 40-428.

  17. Benndorf, J., and U. Miersch. 1991. Phosphorus loading and efficiency of biomanipulation. In Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24:(4): 2482-24.

  18. Bennion, H. 1994. A diatom-phosphorus transfer function for shallow, eutrophic ponds in southeast England. Hydrobiologia 275/6, 391-410.

  19. Bennion, H. 1995. Surface-sediment diatom assemblages in shallow, artificial, enriched ponds and implications for reconstructing trophic status. Diatom Reserach 10, 1-19.

  20. Bennion, H., Wunsam, S. & Schmidt R. 1995. The validation of diatom- phosphorus transfer functions: an example from Mondsee, Austria. Freshwater Biology 34, 271-283.

  21. Bennion, H. et al. 1996. The Anglesey lakes, Wales, UK - changes in trophic status of three standing waters as inferred from diatom transfer functions and their implications for conservation. Aquatic conservation: marine and freshwater ecosystems 6, 81-92.

  22. Bennion, H., Juggins, S. & Anderson, N.J. 1996. Predicting epilimnetic phosphorus concentrations using an improved diatom-based transfer function and its application to lake eutrophication management. Environmental Science and Technology 6, 2004-2007.

  23. Bishop, Pam. 1998. Phytoplankton Assemblages and Their Ecological Preferences in 10 Lakes within the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) and the Hants County, NS, Canada. Project-D1. (10 lakes: HRM-Eastern Region: Lakes Charlotte, Eagle, Paces, and Winder; HRM-Central Region: Lakes Kearney, and Paper Mill; HRM-Western Region: Lakes Moody, and Wrights; Hants Co.: Lakes Lewis, and Pigott). Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax. x, 83 p.

  24. Bloesch, J., J. Armengol, F. Giovanoli, and H.-H. Stabel. 1988. Phosphorus in suspended and settling particulate matter of lakes. In Procs. of the first international workshop on sediment phosphorus, Advances in Limnology, Archiv Fuür Hydrobiologie, Organ der Internationalen Vereinigung fuür Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie. 30: 84-88.

  25. Bode, R.W., Novak, M.A., and Abele, L.E. 1991. Methods for Rapid Biological Assessment of Streams. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, Al­bany, NY. 57p.

  26. Bode, R.W., Novak, M.A., and Abele, L.E. 1996. Quality Assurance Work Plan for Biological Stream Monitoring in New York State. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY. 89p.

  27. Bode, R.W., Novak, M.A., and Abele, L.E. 1997. Biological Stream Testing. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY. 14p.

  28. Bode, R.W., Novak, M.A., Abele, L.E., Heitzman, D.L., and Smith, A.J. 2002. Quality Assurance Work Plan for Biological Stream Monitoring in New York State. NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY. 115p.

  29. Boney, A.D. 1975. Phytoplankton. The Institute of Biology's studies in Biology, No.52, Edward Arnold (Publs.) Ltd., England. 116pp.

  30. Boström, B., M. Jansson, and C. Forsberg. 1982. Phosphorus release from lake sediments. In Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 18: 5-59.

  31. Brandes, M. 1975. Studies on subsurface movement of effluent from private sewage disposal systems using radioactive and dye tracers. Part-2. 1973-74. Ontario Min. of Env.

  32. Brown, R.G. 1985. Effects of an urban wetland on sediment and nutrient loads in runoff. In Wetlands. 4: 147-158.

  33. Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME). Revised to 1992. Canadian Water Quality Guideines. Environment Canada.

  34. Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. 2004. Canadian water quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life: Phosphorus: Canadian Guidance Framework for the Management of Freshwater Systems. In: Canadian environmental quality guidelines, 2004, Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Winnipeg.

  35. Carlson, R.E. 1977. A trophic state index for lakes. Limnol. and Oceanog. 22(2): 36-369.

  36. Carlson, B. 1995. The Secchi Disk and The Volunteer Monitor. LakeLine, N. Am. Lake. Manage. Soc. 15(1):28-29, 35-37.

  37. Carmichael, W.W., and L.D. Schwartz. 1984. Preventing Livestock Deaths from Blue-Green Algae Poisoning. U.S. Dept. of Ag., Farmer's Bull. no. 2275. 11 pp.

  38. Carmichael, W.W. 1991. Blue-Green Algae: An Overlooked Health Threat. In Health & Environment Digest, Freshwater Foundation. July, 1991. 5(6):1-4.

  39. Carmichael, W.W. 1991. Blue-Green Algae: An Overlooked Health Threat. In Health & Environment Digest, Freshwater Foundation. July, 1991. 5(6):1-4.

  40. Carmichael, W.W. 1992. A Review, Cyanobacteria secondary metabolites- the cyanotoxins. In J. Applied Bacteriology. 72445-49.

  41. Carmichael, W.W. 1992. A Status Report on Planktonic Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae) and Their Toxins. USEPA # EPA/600/R-92/079. 141 pp. (includes 867 references)

  42. Carney, H.J. 1990. A general hypothesis for the strength of food web interactions in relation to trophic state. In Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 487-492.

  43. Carpenter, S. (Ed.). 1988. Complex interactions in lake communities. Springer.

  44. Carter, J.C.H., W.D. Taylor, R. Chengalath, and D.A. Scruton. 1986. Limnetic zooplankton assemblages in Atlantic Canada with special reference to acidification. In Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43: 444-456.

  45. Chessman, B.C. 1995. Rapid assessment of rivers using macroinvertebrates: A procedure based on habitat-specific sampling, family level identification and a biotic index. Australian J. Ecology. 20:122-129.

  46. Clean Lakes Program Guidance Manual. 1980. EPA 440/5-81-003. U.S.E.P.A. 264 p.

  47. Cooke, G.D., E.B. Welch, S.A. Peterson, and P.R. Newroth. Lake and Reservoir Restoration. Butterworth Publishers. 1986. 392 pp.

  48. Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Oregon. 1979. Limnological and Socioeconomic Evaluation of Lake Restoration Projects: Approaches and Preliminary Results. EPA 600/3-79-005. U.S.E.P.A. 330 pp.

  49. Cox, P.A., Banack, S.A., Murch, S.J., Rasmussen, U., Tien, G., Bidigare, R.R., , Metcalf, J.S., Morrison, L.F., Codd, G.A.., and Bergman, B. 2005. Diverse taxa of cyanobacteria produce ß-N-methylamino-L-alanine, a neurotoxic amino acid. Proc. National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 102(14):5074 5078.

  50. Cummins, K.W. 1962. An Evaluation of Some Techniques for the Collection and Analysis of Benthic Samples with Special Emphasis on Lotic Waters. The American Midland Naturalist. 67(2):477-504.

  51. Cummins W.K., and Lauff, G.H. 1969. The Influence of Substrate Particle Size on the Microdistribution of Stream Macrobenthos. Hydrobiologia. 34:145-181.

  52. Cummins, K.W. 1973. Trophic Relations of Aquatic Insects. Ann. Rev. of Entomol. 18:183-206.

  53. David, S.M., Somers, K.M., Reid, R.A., Hall, R.J., and Girard, R.E. 1998. Sampling Protocols for the Rapid Bioassessment of Streams and Lakes using Benthic Macroinvertebrates. Second Edition, Ontario Ministry of the Environment. ISBN 0-7778-7378-8. 29p., Appendices 1-6.

  54. Davies-Colley, R.J., Vant, W.N., and Smith, D.G. 1993. Colour and Clarity of Natural Waters. Ellis Horwood.

  55. DeMelo, R., R. France, and D.J. McQueen. 1992. Biomanipulation: Hit or myth?. Comment. In Limnol. Oceanogr. 37(1): 192-207.

  56. Dillon, P.J., and F.H. Rigler. 1975. A simple method for predicting the capacity of a lake for development based on lake trophic status. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32: 1519-1531.

  57. Dillon, P.J., K.H. Nicholls, W.A. Scheider, N.D. Yan, and D.S. Jeffries. 1986. Lakeshore Capacity Study. Trophic Status. Min. of Mun. Affairs, Ontario. 90 p.

  58. Dillon, P.J., W.A. Scheider, R.A. Reid, and D.S. Jeffries. 1994. Lakeshore capacity study: Part I- Test of effects of shoreline development on the trophic status of lakes. Lake and Reserv. Manage. 8(2):121-129.

  59. Dillon, P.J., and Molot, L.A. 1996. Long-Term Phosphorus Budgets and an Examination of a Steady-State Mass Balance Model for Central Ontario Lakes. Wat. Res. 30(10):2273-2280.

  60. Drapper, D., Tomlinson, R., and Williams, P. An investigation of the quality of stormwater runoff from road pavements: a south-east Queensland case study. School of Environmental Engineering, Griffith University, Nathan Campus, Queensland. 8p.

  61. Echlin, P. 1966. The Blue-Green Algae. Scientific American, vol. 214, 6:74-81.

  62. Edmondson, W.T. (ed.). 1959. Freshwater Biology. 2nd Ed. Wiley, New York. 1248pp.

  63. Engel, S. 1985. Aquatic community interactions of submerged macrophytes. Wis. Dept. of Nat. Res. Tech. Bull. No. 156. 79pp.

  64. Environment Canada, 2004. Canadian Guidance Framework for the Management of Phosphorus in Freshwater Systems. Ecosystem Health: Science-based Solutions Report No. 1-8. National Guidelines and Standards Office., Water Policy and Coordination Directorate, Environment Canada. pp. 114.

  65. Ervin, G.N., and Wetzel, R.G. 2000. Allelochemical Autotoxicity in the Emergent Wetland Macrophyte Juncus effusus (Juncaceae). Amer. J. Botany. 87(6):853-860.

  66. Ervin, G.N., and Wetzel, R.G. 2001. Influence of a dominant macrophyte, Juncus effusus, on wetland plant species richness, diversity, and community compositions. Oecologia. (Online) 1-26.

  67. Fast, A.W. 1973. Effects of artificial hypolimnion aeration on rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri Richardson) depth distribution. In Tans. of the American Fisheries Society. 102(4): 71-722.

  68. Fast, A.W., and M.W. Lorenzen. 1976. Synoptic Survey of Hypolimnetic Aeration. In J. Env. Engg. Div., ASCE. 102(EE6): 1161-1173.

  69. Fast, A.W., M.W. Lorenzen, and J.H. Glenn. 1976. Comparative Study with Costs of Hypolimnetic Aeration. In J. Env. Engg. Div., ASCE. 102(EE6): 1175-1187.

  70. Fast. A.W., and R.G. Hulquist. 1989. Oxygen and Temperature relationships in nine artificially aerated California reservoirs. In Calif. Fish and Game. 75(4): 213-217.

  71. Fay, P. 1983. The Blue-greens (Cyanophyta- Cyanobacteria). Edward Arnold (Pubs.), Baltimore, MD. 88 pp.

  72. Fitzgerald, G.P. 1971. Nutrient Sources for algae and their control. USEPA#16010EHR0871. 77p.

  73. Fleisher, J.M., F. Jones, D. Kay, and R. Morano. Setting Recreational Water Quality Criteria. Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Community Health SUNY, Health Science Centre at Brooklyn, NY. Ch-8. 13p.

  74. Fleisher, J.M. 1990. THe Effects of Measurement Error on Previously Reported Mathematical Relationships between Indicator Organism Density and Swimming-Associated Illness: A Quantitative Estimate of the Resulting Bias. Int. J. Epidemiology. 19(4):1100-1106.

  75. Fleisher, J.M. 1990. Conducting Recreational Water Quality Surveys: Some Problems and Suggested Remedies. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 21(12):562-567.

  76. Fleisher, J.M. 1991. A reanalysis of data supporting U.S. federal bacteriological water quality criteria governing marine recreational waters. Res. J. WPCF. 63(3):259-265.

  77. Fleisher, J.M., F. Jones, D. Kay, R. Stanwell-Smith, M. Wyer, and R. Morano. 1993. Water and Non-Water-Related Risk Factors for Gastroenteritis among Bathers Exposed to Sewage-Contaminated Marine Waters. Int. J. Epidemiology. 22(4):698-708.

  78. Friedrich, G., Chapman, D., and Beim, A. 1996. The Use of Biological Material in Water Quality Assessments: A Guide to the Use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environ-mental Monitoring, 2nd ed. Deborah Chapman (ed.). E & FN Spon, New York.

  79. Fricker, H. 1981. Critical evaluation of the application of statistical phosphorus loading models to Alpine lakes. Diss. ETH Nr. 6883, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. 119pp.

  80. Fritz, S.C., Kingston, J.C. & Engstrom, D.R. 1993. Quantitative trophic reconstruction from sedimentary diatom assemblages: a cautionary tale. Freshwater Biology 30, 1-23.

  81. Fry, F.E.J. 1951. Some environmental relations of the speckled trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Proc. N.E. Atlantic Fish. Conference. May, 1951. 29p.

  82. Gaertner, Monica J. 1999. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Diversity and Biotic Indices for Monitoring of Lakes Dollar, Russell, Stillwater, Papermill and Kinsac within the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), Nova Scotia, Canada. Project E-2, Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax. (includes an educational video). xiv, 6 Sections, Appendices A-I.

  83. Garrison, P.J., and D.R. Knauer. Lake Restoration. A Five-Year Evaluation of the Mirror and Shadow Lakes Project, Waupaca, Wisconsin. Contract # R804687-01, Env. Res. Lab., Corvallis, Oregon, USEPA. 100p.

  84. Geolimnos Consulting. 1982.  Effects of Development on Phosphorus Loading and Buffering Capacity in Clear and Colored Lakes near Halifax, N.S.  Prep. for N.S. Dept. Env.  49p.

  85. Gerritsen, J., Carlson, R.E., Dycus, D.L., Faulkner, C., Gibson, G.R., Harcum, J., and Markowitz, S.A. 1998. Lake and Reservoir Bioassessment and Biocriteria. Technical Guidance Document. US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA 841-B-98-007. 10 Chapters, Appendices A-G.

  86. Gersberg, R.M., B.V. Elkins, and C.R. Goldman. 1983. Nitrogen removal in constructed wetlands. In Water Research. 17: 1009-1014.

  87. Good, R.E., D.F. Whigham, and L. Simpson. 1978. Freshwater Wetlands, Ecological Processes and Management Potential. Academic Press, New York.

  88. Graham, J.M. Some effects of temperature and oxygen pressure on the metabolism and activity of the speckled trout, Salvelinus fontinalis. Can. J. Research. 27(D):270-288.

  89. Greenberg, A.E., L.S. Clesceri, and A.D. Eaton. Eds. 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18th. Ed. A.P.H.A., A.W.W.A., and W.E.F. 1042 p.

  90. Hall, R.I. & Smol. J.P. 1992. A weighted averaging regression and calibration model for inferring total phosphorus concentration from diatoms in British Columbia (Canada) lakes. Freshwater Biology 27, 417-434.

  91. Hall, R.I. & Smol. J.P. 1996. Paleolimnological assessment of long-term water quality changes in south-central Ontario lakes affected by cottage development and acidification. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53(1):1-17.

  92. Hamilton, A.L., and Saether, O.A. 1971. The occurrence of characteristic deformities in the chironomid larvae of several Canadian lakes. Can. Int. 103:363-368.

  93. Hanson, M.J., and H.G. Stefan. 1984. Side effects of 58 years of copper sulphate treatment of the Fairmont Lakes, Minnesota. In Water. Res. Bull. 20: 889-900.

  94. Hantzsche, N.N. 1985. Wetland systems for wastewater treatment: Engineering applications. In Ecological Considerations in Wetlands Treatment of Municipal Wastewaters. Eds. Godfrey et al., Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. pp. 7-25.

  95. Hare, L., and Carter, J.C.H. 1976. The distribution of Chironomus (s.s)? cucini (salinarius group) larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Parry Sound, Georgian Bay, with particular reference to structural deformities. Can. J. Zool. 54:2129-2134.

  96. Hart, W.C., Scott, R.S., and Ogden III, J.G.. 1978. A Phosphorus Loading Model for Lakes in the Shubenacadie Headwaters. Shubenacadie- Stewiacke River Basin Board. Tech. Rpt. #2. Appendices, 195p.

  97. Hauer, F.R., and Lamberti, G.A. (eds.) 1996. Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press. ISBN: 0-12-332906-X. 696pp.

  98. Haygarth, P. 1997. Agriculture as a Source of Phosphorus Transfer to Water: Sources and Pathways. SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Phosphates in Europe) Newsletter, CEFIC (European Chemical Industry Council), Bruxelles, Belgium. Number 21, June 1997. 15p.

  99. Haynes, R.C. 1988. Deptt of Env. Qual. Engg., Commonwealth of Massachusetts. An Introduction to the Blue-Green Algae (Cyanobacteria) with an Emphasis on Nuisance Species. North Am. Lake Manage. Soc. 19pp.

  100. Heckrath, G., Brookes, P.C., Poulton, P.R., and Goulding, K.W.T. 1995. Phosphorus Leaching from Soils Containing Different Phosphorus Concentrations in the Broadbalk Experiment. J. Environ. Qual. 24:904-910.

  101. Hickok, E.A., M.C. Hannaman, and N.C. Wenck. 1977. Urban Runoff Methods. Vol. I. Non-structural Wetland Treatment. USEPA. EPA-600/2-77-217.

  102. Hilsenhoff, W.L. 1977. Use of arthropods to evaluate water quality of streams. Tech. Bull. Wisconsin Dept. Nat. Resour. 100. 15pp.

  103. Hilsenhoff, W.L. 1987. An improved biotic index of organic stream pollution. Great Lakes Entomol. 20:31-39.

  104. Hilsenhoff, W.L. 1988. Rapid field assessment of organic pollution with a family-level biotic index. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 7(1):65-68.

  105. Holdren, C., Jones, W., and Taggart, J. 2001. Managing Lakes and Reservoirs. N. Am. Lake Manage. Soc. and Terrene Inst., in coop. with Off. Water Assess. Watershed Prot. Div. U.S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Madison, WI. xiv, 382 pp.

  106. Horner, W.N. & Associates Ltd. (in association with Michael Michalski Associates; and Raymond, Walton and Hunter). 1995. Lake Carrying Capacities and Proposed Shoreline Development Policies for Municipality of the County of Kings. 100p., Appendices.

  107. Horner, R.R., J.J. Skupien, E.H. Livingston, and H.E. Shaver. 1994. Fundamentals of Urban Runoff Management: Technical and Institutional issues. Terrene Inst. in cooperation with USEPA. 302pp.

  108. Hutchinson, G.E. 1957. A treatise on limnology v.1. Geography, Physics and Chemistry. Wiley. 1015pp.

  109. Hutchinson, G.E. 1967. A treatise on Limnology v.2. Introduction to Lake biology and the limnoplankton. John Wiley & Sons. 1048 pp.

  110. Hutchinson, G.E. 1975. A treatise on limnology v.3. Limnological Botany. Wiley. 660pp.

  111. Hutchinson, G.E. 1993. A Treatise on Limnology. Vol. IV, The Zoobenthos. Ed. Y.H. Edmondson. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Xx, 944pp.

  112. Hutchinson, N.J., B.P. Neary, and P.J. Dillon. 1991. Validation and use of Ontario's Trophic Status Model for establishing lake development guidelines. Lake and Reserv. Manage. 7(1): 13-23.

  113. Hynes, K.E. 1998. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Diversity and Biotic Indices for Monitoring of 5 Urban and Urbanizing Lakes within the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), Nova Scotia, Canada. Project-D2. (Lakes Kearney [Halifax], McGrath [Brookside], Morris [Dartmouth], Springfield [Sackville], and Wrights [Hubley]). Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax. xiv, 115 p.

  114. Janus, L.L., and R.A. Vollenweider. 1981. The OECD Cooperative Programme On Eutrophication. Summary Report. Canadian Contribution. Canada Center for Inland Waters, Burlington.

  115. Jensen, H.S., and F.. Andersen. 1992. Importance of temperature, nitrate, and pH for phosphate release from aerobic sediments of four shallow, eutrophic lakes. In Limnol. Oceanogr. 37(3): 577-589

  116. Jones, R.A., and G.F. Lee. 1977. Septic tank disposal systems as phosphorus sources for surface waters. USEPA. EPA-600/3-77-129. 62 p.

  117. Johnson, R.C. 1966. The effects of artificial circulation on production in a thermally stratified lake. Wash. Dept. fish., Fish. Res. Paper. 2(4): 5-15.

  118. Jones R.A., and G.F. Lee. 1986. Eutrophication Modeling for Water Quality Management: An Update of the Vollenweider- OECD Model. In WHO- Water Quality Bulletin. 11(2): 6-74, 1.

  119. Jones, R.I. 2005. Limnology of humic waters: special theme or universal framework? Plenary lecture, XXIX Congress, 2004, International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29(1):51-60.

  120. Joørgensen, S.E 1980. Lake Management. Vol.14. Pergamon Press 167pp.

  121. Joørgensen, S.E, and R.A. Vollenweider. Editors. 1989. Guidelines of Lake Management. Vol.1. Principles of Lake Management. Int. Lake Env. Comittee. U.N. Env. Programme. 200 pp.

  122. Joøgensen, S.E., and H.Loffler. Editors. 1990. Guidelines of Le Management. Vol.3. Lake Shore Management. Int. Lake Env. Committee. U.N. Env. Programme. 174 p.

  123. Kadlec, R.H. 1978. Wetlands for tertiary treatment. Wetland functions and values: the state of our understanding. In Am. Water Res. Assn. Nov. 490-504.

  124. Kay, D., J.M. Fleisher, R.L. Salmon, F. Jones, M.D. Wyer, A.F. Godfree, Z. Zelenauch-Jacquotte, and R. Shore. 1994. Predicting likelihood of gastroenteritis from sea bathing: results from randomised exposure. The Lancet. 344:905-909.

  125. Kerekes, J. 1977. The Index of Lake Basin Permanence. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 62(2): 291 293.

  126. Kerekes, J. 1983. Predicting Trophic Response to Phosphorus Addition in a Cape Breton Island Lake. Proc. N.S. Inst. Sci. 33:7-18.

  127. Kirsch, Penelope E. 1999. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Diversity and Biotic Indices Analysis of Lakes Wrights, Springfield, McGrath, Kearney and Morris, and an Upgraded Analysis of Lakes Dollar, Russell, Stillwater, Papermill and Kinsac within the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), Nova Scotia, Canada. Project E-3, Soil & Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax. xxvi, 50p, Appendices A-G.

  128. Klemm, D.J., Lewis, P.A., Fulk, F., and Lazorchak, J.M. 1990. (U.S. EPA). Macroinvertebrate Field and Laboratory Methods for Evaluating the Biological Integrity of Surface Waters. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA/600/4-90/030. xii, 256 p.

  129. Klessig, L.L., and R.M. Korth. 1990. A Guide to Wisconsin's Lake Management Law. Wis. Dept. of Nat. Res. 48 pp.

  130. Knauer, D.R. 1975. The effect of urban runoff on phytoplankton ecology. In Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19: 893-903.

  131. Knauer, D.R., P.J. Garrison, and R.E. Wedepohl. 1991. Lake Restoration in Wisconsin. Prepared for Alberta Lake Restoration Workshop. March 22-23, 1991. 20 p (manuscript)

  132. Koksvik, J.I., and H. Reinertsen. 1991. Effects of fish elimination on the plankton community of a lake used in fish farming. In Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24:(4): 2387-2392.

  133. Kortmann, R.W. 1988. Septic systems and how they affect lakes (or all you never knew about septic tanks and the environment). N. Am. Lake Manage. Soc. Lake Line 8(6):8-11, 18-19.

  134. Kortmann, R.W., M.E. Conners, G.W. Knoecklein, and C. Bonnell. 1988. Utility of layer aeration for reservoir and lake management. In Lake Reserv. Manage. 4:35-50. from Aeriation of Stratified Lakes: Theory and Practice this LPM issue.

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